16 Gauge Ammo

16 Gauge Ammo For Sale


16 Gauge Shotgun Ammo. Regarding shotguns, the 16 gauge is a popular choice among hunters and sports shooters. Known for its versatility and moderate recoil, this ammunition balances power and ease of use. However, finding the correct ammunition for your 16-gauge shotgun can be daunting.

Understanding 16 Gauge Ammo

The 16 gauge shotgun is chambered for two ¾ inches long shells. This gauge falls between the smaller 20 gauge and the larger 12 gauge. This cartridge typically comes in lead shot sizes ranging from #4 to #8, with #6 being the most commonly used size. The shot size determines the number of pellets in a shell, with larger shot sizes containing fewer but bigger pellets.

One of the advantages of the 16 gauge ammo is its versatility. It can be for various purposes, including upland bird hunting, waterfowl hunting, and even home defense. The moderate recoil of this ammunition makes it more manageable for shooters of different skill levels, especially those who may find the recoil of a 12 gauge too harsh.


Lead Shot: Lead shot is the traditional choice for 16 gauge ammo. It offers excellent performance and is available in various shot sizes to suit different hunting or shooting scenarios. However, it’s important to note that lead shot has been banned for waterfowl hunting in many areas due to environmental concerns.

Steel Shot: Steel shot is an alternative to lead shot and is required for waterfowl hunting in most places. It is more complicated than lead and provides good penetration. Still, it has a lower density, which means it may have a shorter effective range than a lead shot. When using steel shot, choosing the right choke for your shotgun is crucial to ensure proper patterns and avoid damage to the barrel.

 Bismuth Shot: Bismuth shot is another non-toxic alternative to lead shot. It has similar density and performance characteristics, making it an excellent choice for upland game and waterfowl hunting. Bismuth shot is more expensive than steel shot but offers better patterns and less barrel wear.

Tungsten Shot: Tungsten shot is the heaviest and hardest non-toxic shot available. It provides superior penetration and retains energy at longer distances, making it ideal for waterfowl hunting. However, tungsten shot is considerably more expensive than other types, which may limit its popularity among shooters.

Considerations for Choosing 16-Gauge Ammo

Purpose: Consider the intended use of your 16 gauge shotgun when selecting ammunition. Smaller shot sizes like #6 or #7 ½ are suitable for hunting upland birds. Larger shot sizes like #2 or #4 are advisable for waterfowl hunting to ensure sufficient knockdown power.

 Shot Material: Decide whether you prefer lead shot or non-toxic alternatives like steel, bismuth, or tungsten. Lead shot offers excellent performance but may be restricted in certain areas. Non-toxic shot is required for waterfowl hunting and provides environmentally friendly options.

 Shotshell Length: Ensure that the ammunition you choose matches the chamber length of your 16 gauge shotgun, which is typically two ¾ inches. Longer shells can cause feeding and cycling issues, while shorter bullets may not perform optimally.

Choke Selection: The choke of your shotgun affects the spread and pattern of the shot. Different chokes are suitable for different shooting scenarios. For example, a tighter choke may be preferred for longer-range photos, like modified or whole. In comparison, a more open choke, like an improved cylinder, is better for close-range targets.


Selecting the correct ammunition for your 16 gauge shotgun is essential to ensure optimal performance and success in the field. Understanding the characteristics and types of 16 gauge ammo and considering factors such as purpose, shot material, shotshell length, and choke selection will help you make an informed decision. Whether you’re hunting upland birds or waterfowl, or using your shotgun for other purposes, choosing the appropriate ammo will enhance your shooting experience and improve your chances of hitting your target accurately. 16 gauge shotgun ammo

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